10 Mind-Blowing Geographic Facts about Haiti

Geography has played an important role in Haiti’s history. Here are 10 mind-blowing facts about Haiti’s geography :

1. Haiti is the third largest caribbean country after Cuba and the Dominican republic.


2. The island is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.

Haiti Sea

3. Haiti is divided into 10 departments .

  • ArtiboniteHaiti Departments
  • Grand’ Anse
  • Nippes
  • North
  • North East
  • North West
  • Center
  • West
  • South
  • South East

4. Haitian Creole, one of the official language in Haiti, has three main geographical dialects an its uncommon for Haitian to speak more that one of them.


  • Nothern dialect spoken in Cap-Haitian (second biggest city in Haiti)
  • Central dialect spoken in the metropolitan area of Port-au-Prince
  • Southern dialect spoken in the area of  Les Cayes (province in south of Haiti)
  • The island used to be called Hispaniola before it divided into Haiti and Dominican Republic .

5. Haiti also owns 6 other offshore islands.

Haiti haiti

  • Gonâve Island
  • Île-à-Vache translated as The Cow Island
  • Les Cayemites composed of  Grand Cayemite and Petite Cayemite
  • Tortuga Island translated ad The Turtle Island
  • Grande Caye
  • Navassa Island – governed by Haiti and the United States


6. Haiti is the most mountainous nation in the Caribbean and its highest point is Pic la Selle, at 8,793 ft.

Pic la Selle

Pic la Selle , Haiti

7.  The Artibonite River is the longest river in Haiti. The river starts in the Dominican Republic but most of it elongates in Haiti.

Artibonite River

8. Due to its tropical location, Haiti’s weather is mostly warm .

Haiti Weather

From March to November it rains frequently . The hurricane season runs  from August to  mid-November.

9.  Haiti is about the size of Maryland in the United States.


10. Haiti is  one of the most densely populated nations in the Western Hemisphere.



88 Little Known Facts About Haiti. (2010). Retrieved from http://facts.randomhistory.com/haiti-facts.html

The Biggest Caribbean Islands. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://traveltips.usatoday.com/biggest-caribbean-islands-103055.html

Departments of Haiti. (2015). Retrieved from http://www.statoids.com/uht.html

Facts about Haiti. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.mohhaiti.org/about_haiti#.VgMVRI9Viko

Haiti Fast Facts. (2015). CNN. Retrieved from http://www.cnn.com/2013/10/17/world/americas/haiti-fast-facts/

Haitian Creole. (2014). Retrieved from http://aboutworldlanguages.com/haitian-creole

What Are the Main Landforms of Haiti? (n.d.). USA Today. Retrieved from http://traveltips.usatoday.com/main-landforms-haiti-102655.html

By Jade G. Pierre, Digital Marketing Intern

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